1. It was scientifically developed
2. It has been tried and tested
3. Child-centered approach instills a love of learning.
4. The curriculum focuses on hands-on learning
5. The classroom environment teaches order and self-discipline.
6. It promotes independence, self-esteem, and responsibility.
7.It encourages cooperation, collaboration, and leadership skills to flourish
Five Montessori Subject Areas:
Practical Life, Sensorial, Language, Math, Cultural Studies
represented by Kinder Friends.
PRACTICAL LIFE EXERCISES
FAQ About Montessori
What is Montessori? What are its most important characteristics and features?
Montessori is a child-based educational philosophy. Some of the main characteristics of a Montessori program are that it:
– Encourages independence of the child
– Allows the child to work at his/her own pace
– Encourages the child to explore his/her interests
– Allows for free movement in the classroom
– Supports the growth of the whole child including his/her personality and teaches peace.
How does Montessori teach peace education and why is it important?
The Montessori curriculum has components that teaches peace education through:
cultural studies about the five continents and about peoples of the world, provide a global view of life and humanity’s part in it, multi-age grouping which allows for opportunities for children to learn to resolve conflicts, children are taught to learn to respect classroom materials, plants, pets and other people.
How is a Montessori program different from other preschool programs?
A Montessori program is different from other preschool programs in many ways. Some of the most important differences are:
– Montessori allows children to choose their own work and work at their own pace.
– Montessori programs also include subject areas such as sensorial and practical life that might not be included in other programs.
– Montessori programs also use mixed age classrooms, so a preschool classroom includes children ages 3-6 years old.
– Montessori offers a curriculum that allows the child to explore more than a normal school program. For example, in a regular preschool curriculum teaches children the numerals 1-100. In Montessori, a child is able to explore, learn and understand numbers and quantities up to 9999.
Why do Montessori classes group different age levels together?
The multi-aged classroom provides a wonderful opportunity for younger children to learn from older children. It also provides motivation for them because they can see what they might soon achieve (for example a three-year old watches a five-year old read). For older children it provides an opportunity to teach and help younger children. This teaches compassion and reinforces academic concepts. They also have the opportunity to be a mentor to the younger ones and exercise their leadership skills.
Why does Montessori put so much stress on freedom and independence?
Montessori stresses freedom and independence because it is most important for character building and prepares them for life as adults. Every day we make many, many decisions which are part of being free and independent. Allowing this to happen in the classroom gives children the opportunity to practice to be able to make good decisions in their later years.
What is meant by ‘freedom to work’?
In a regular preschool, the teacher decides what the child has to do in a certain time frame. However, children in a Montessori program are allowed to pick what work to do and when to do it. This allows children to take advantage of their motivation and advance at what interests them the most. Learning happens at a much faster rate than if it was imposed.
Why don’t Montessori schools give out homework?
Montessori schools don’t give out homework because learning is a joyful and free process for the children. Sending homework would make their learning obligatory which interferes with the child’s freedom of choosing what to work on and when.
What student report format do teachers use to report student performance to parents?
A progress report is used to show student performance to parents. This report is specific to the observations the teacher has made of the child. The reports usually show what work the child has been doing, the level they have achieved and also comments on the child’s interests, sensitive areas and social interactions.
Is Montessori good for gifted children? What about children with special learning needs?
Montessori is good for both gifted children and children with special learning needs. Because the classroom is set up for children to work at their own pace, children of all learning abilities are able to advance in the different subject areas according to their interest and needs. The learning materials available provide concrete support for children to gain a deep understanding of the subject matter. These materials are especially useful for children with special learning needs.
How do Montessori children adjust to traditional schools?
Montessori children learn important skills such as decision-making, time-management and independence. These skills help them when adjusting to traditional schools. During the transition it is important for parents and teachers to work together to support the child with any difficulties he/she may experience. Most children are able to adjust successfully to a traditional school – children are smart and resilient, they adapt quickly to their immediate environment.
What additional activities can be included during the students’ last year in to better prepare them for their entry to a non- Montessori primary school with specific reference to Mathematics?
Helpful additional activities before moving into a non-Montessori primary school include more abstract work (paper work without materials). In the math area, students can begin to practice solving simple equations using the addition and subtraction charts and then use only pencil and paper to solve equations as well. This helps them transition from doing math concretely with materials to abstractly as done in traditional schools.
How well does Montessori children do later in life?
Montessori children are well prepared for life academically, emotionally and socially. Through experience with Montessori, children learn independence, responsibility, listening skills, the ability to adapt and respect. Many organizations have conducted research showing that Montessorieducated children score higher on standardized tests and indicators such as responsibility, turning work in on time and creativeness. Some organizations that have done such studies are: NAMTA (North American Montessori Teachers’ Association), AMI (Association Montessori Internationale) and Montessori Northwest Research and Publications.
It seems that the Montessori materials don’t allow children to be creative and there is little opportunity for pretend play. Please explain.
Dr. Montessori famously said “Play is the child’s work.” Montessori called children’s play “work” to value the important processes that occur when a child plays. Montessori’s intention in using the materials is to unite work and play together – allowing children to interact with and manipulate the materials as play. Montessori encouraged teachers to focus on reality with preschoolers who are not yet prepared to think abstractly. Pretend play does occur naturally in the classroom, but within an environment of real materials. Children pretend to be chefs while preparing real food with real dishes or pretend to be scientists while carrying out a real experiment.